On January 8, 1918, President Woodrow Wilson edited the post-war goals, the Fourteen Points. He outlined a policy of free trade, open agreements and democracy. While the term was not used, self-determination was adopted. He called for an end to the negotiations of war, international disarmament, the withdrawal of the central powers from the occupied territories, the creation of a Polish state, the revival of European borders along ethnic lines and the establishment of a society of nations to guarantee the political independence and territorial integrity of all States. [9] [n. 3] He called for a just and democratic peace, uncompromisingd by territorial annexation. The fourteen points were based on the study of the survey, a team of about 150 advisers, led by foreign policy adviser Edward M. House, on the topics that will likely appear in the expected peace conference. [10] The Treaty of Versailles, also known as the First Treaty of Versailles, was a diplomatic agreement between France and Austria. It was signed in 1756 at the Palace of Versailles, France. There have been four treaties that have been signed through this agreement.

A few months after the agreement, France and Austria found themselves in the seven-year war against the Anglo-Prussian alliance, which was to last until 1763. With the Westminster Convention, the treaty was part of the diplomatic revolution that reorganized the alliance systems of the great European powers in the run-up to the war. The Paris Peace Conference opened on 18 January 1919, an important date marking the anniversary of the coronation of German Emperor William I, which took place at the Palace of Versailles at the end of the Franco-German War in 1871. Prussia`s victory in this conflict led to German unification and the conquest of the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine by France. In 1919, France and its Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau had not forgotten the humiliating loss and wanted to avenge it in the new peace agreement. In the years following the Treaty of Versaille, many ordinary Germans believed they had been betrayed by the «November criminals», the leaders who signed the treaty and formed the post-war government. In the 1920s and 1930s, far-right political forces – in particular the National Socialist Workers` Party or the Nazis – would win their support by promising to reverse the humiliation of the Treaty of Versaille. With the onset of the Great Depression after 1929, economic unrest was already destabilizing the already vulnerable Weimar government, thus preparing the scene for the fatal rise of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler in 1933. The contract deprived Germany of 25,000 square miles (65,000 km2) of territory and 7 million people.

It also forced Germany to renounce the profits made by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and to grant independence to established protectorates. [13] In Western Europe, Germany was required to recognize Belgian sovereignty over Moresnet and to cede control of the Eupen-Malmedy region. Within six months of the transfer, Belgium had to hold a referendum on whether the citizens of the region should remain under Belgian sovereignty or return to German control, communicate the results to the League of Nations and stick to the League`s decision. [n.

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