CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. The aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild fauna and flora does not endanger their survival. Office of Treaty Affairs (L/T): The Office of the Deputy Legal Counsel for Treaty Affairs within the Office of the Legal Counsel provides advice on all aspects of U.S. and international contract law and international contract practice. It manages the process in which the State Department approves the negotiation and conclusion of all international agreements in which the United States will be involved. It also coordinates with the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on matters relating to Senate deliberations and consent to treaty ratification. Learn more about the Office of Treaty Affairs International agreements are formal agreements or commitments between two or more countries. An agreement between two countries is said to be «bilateral», while an agreement between several countries is «multilateral». Countries bound by an international agreement are generally referred to as «States Parties».
The IHR (2005) is an international agreement between 194 States Parties and the World Health Organization for surveillance, reporting and response to events that may pose a threat to international public health. The objective of the IHR (2005) is to prevent, protect, control, control and respond to the international spread of diseases in a manner that is appropriate and limited to risks to public health and to avoid unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade. (International Health Regulations, Article 2). More information can be found in the IHR factsheets. Australia`s constitution allows the executive government to conclude treaties, but the practice is that treaties are tabled in both houses of parliament at least 15 days before they are signed. Treaties are considered the source of Australian law, but sometimes require the enactment of an Act of Parliament, depending on the type. Contracts are administered and maintained by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, which stressed that «the general position in Australian law is that contracts to which Australia has adhered, with the exception of those that end a state of war, are not directly and automatically incorporated into Australian law. Signature and ratification do not make treaties work at the national level. In the absence of legislation, contracts cannot impose obligations on individuals or create rights under national law.
Nevertheless, international law, including contract law, has a legitimate and important influence on the development of the common law and can be used in the interpretation of laws.  Treaties can be implemented through executive action, and often existing laws are sufficient to ensure compliance with a treaty. .