The Delhi Accord was a trilateral agreement signed on 28 August 1973 between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. and ratified only by India and Pakistan. [1] It enabled the repatriation of prisoners of war and interned officials detained in the three countries after the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. The deal has been criticized for failing to bring Urdu spokesmen back to Bangladesh and for failing to hold accountable 195 senior military officials accused of violating their behavior during the war. [2] This chapter describes Nehru`s note for Abdullah of August 14, 1952; how Sheikh Abdullah asked the Constituent Assembly to approve the Delhi Agreement and its response to the debate of 19 August 1952. It also submits the report of the Drafting Committee and the Assembly resolution on the Head of State; Nehru`s note for Sheikh Abdullah written in Sonamarg; Communication by President Rajendra Prasad to the Prime Minister on Article 370; the Draft Law amending the State Constitution of 3 November 1952; and Mirza Muhammad Afzal Beg`s motion to persuade the Assembly to pass the law on 10 November. The last part of the chapter presents The Amending Decrees Nos. 39 and 42 and Regulation No. 44 applicable to Jammu and Kashmir.

Although the agreement provides for the repatriation of Urdu-speaking Biharis to Bangladesh, the Pakistani government has withdrawn its promise to settle the community in Pakistan. [6] This gave rise to the stateless Pakistani community stranded in Bangladesh. Kashmir government officials consulted with Indian government officials and agreed on an agreement to approve the main decisions of the J&K State Constituent Assembly. This agreement later became known as the «Delhi Agreement, 1952». The main features of this agreement were as follows: Among the prisoners of war, 195 Pakistani military officers detained in India were identified as the main suspects of war crimes. Pakistan lobbied for their release as one of its main demands. He urged several Muslim countries to suspend recognition of Bangladesh until the 195 officers are released. [7] India supported their repatriation to Pakistan. In the text of the agreement, Bangladesh`s Foreign Minister Kamal Hossain said: «He established a comprehensive agreement on the position of sadar-i-Riyasat; although sadar-i-Riyasat was to be elected by the state legislature, it had to be recognized as such by the President of India before being appointed; in other Indian states, the head of state was appointed by the president and, as such, was his candidate, but the person to be appointed head had to be a person acceptable to the government of that state; no person unacceptable to the government of the state can be imposed on the state as head. The difference in the case of Kashmir is only that Sadar-i-Riyasat is mainly elected by the state legislature itself, rather than being a government candidate and president of India. .

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